Posts tagged Thai politics
The metaphorical view of organizations as organisms that work in unity is generally welcome in Thailand. It has not been adopted by political scientists and public administration scholars as the ideology only for bureaucratic organizations, but also for the nation as a whole. During the authoritarian regime in the 1950s and 1960s, the metaphor was introduced, adopted, and propagandized by the governments in order to promote unity and uniformity among the Thai people.
In this metaphorical view, Thailand is an organism – a human body, in particular – in which individual persons, households, and organizations serve as cells and organs. To keep the body fully function, the individual microscopic elements and organs must perform their duties consistently and in accordance with orders from the brain. At times, the organism metaphor was substituted by a similar metaphor, the nation (or bureaucratic organizations as a house, where the people serve as family member under the fatherly care of the leaders.
These metaphors aim not only at promoting efficiency, unity, and uniformity, but also manipulating people’s thought and behavior, and, simultaneously, maintaining power and authority within a small group of national elites.
Recently, the lese majeste law has become a hot issue in Thailand. There are calls for amendment of the law as well as campaigns to keep the law untouched. This article aims at examining the calls for amendment of the law through an advocacy coalition framework lens. First, an account on the law will be given and changes in political arena will be described. Then, coalitions of different stances, as well as the possible outputs will be analyzed.
Thailand is a constitutional monarchy in which a monarchy serves as head of state and a prime minister is the head of government. The revolution in 1932 brought an end to absolute monarchy under the Chakri Dynasty regime and marked the beginning of a representative democracy. Thereafter, the political system has been instable as military coups intruded bringing the country under the rule of junta from time to time. As a result, Thailand has had eighteen charters and constitutions to date
Despite vulnerability of the political system, the monarch has been in secure position, for at least half a century. (more…)